Serbia country guide

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The Belgrade Fortress

The Belgrade Fortress
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At the confluence of the rivers Sava and Danube, the Belgrade Fortress had been built in the period from 1st to 18th century. It is the real historical museum of Belgrade and is divided into Upper and Lower Town and the Kalemegdan Park. The fortress is under protection of the Republic of Serbia, representing a typical artillery fortification. Today, the remains of the previous epochs are in the form of building material.


The white parts represent Byzantium and Serbian, i.e. mediaeval building layer (after which the town got its name), and the red part are Austrian and Turkish, i.e. artillery building layer. Within the fortress, there are Military Museum, Natural History Museum, Ružica church (Rose church), the church of St Petka, the Victory monument, the Zoo…


As of gates, there are: Stambol gate, Karađorđe’s gate, Sahat, Leopold’s, Zindan, Despot’s, Defterder’s gate, King’s gate, Dark gate, Karl VI’s gate and Kornar’s gate. Beside gates, within Belgrade fortress there are several towers, as follows: Nebojša tower, Jakšića tower, Mlinarica tower, Despot’s tower and Sahat tower.


A spatial plateau around the fortress was in 19th century transformed into a park. This once plateau was the main military base of Belgrade and served as observation post of the enemy. The name Kalemegdan, stems from Turkish words “kale” meaning town or fortress and “megdan” meaning field.

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